Building your own personal wooden shed from scratch is a great solution for storing and protecting outdoor items or creating a workspace, but building one from scratch is a very different process than building one from a pre-made kit. That's why a shed plan is vital to this project, and a good one can take a lot of the guesswork and fear that DIYers might have.
Step 1 - Educate yourself on the regulations
Before you can choose a plan, the first thing to do is determine whether or not you need to obtain a zoning permit to build a storage shed. In most states, a building permit is required if your storage shed is 120 square feet or more. Be sure to check with local zoning rules, as well as a local building inspector, before finalizing your ideas for construction.
Step 2: choose a location
Now you need to choose the perfect location for your storage shed. Your shed should be built on perfectly level ground and located for easy access to your workspace or garage. You should definitely avoid building your custom storage shed on underground pipes or cables because it will make them more expensive to repair.
Step 3: choose a shed plan
Now you need to choose the right shed plan that suits your needs before purchasing the necessary materials to build your custom shed. Calculate how much space you will need to house your equipment or to create a new workspace for yourself and any future projects you may have. There are many home shed plans that you can use.
Choosing a good shed plan is as crucial as having one, and unfortunately not all of them will make the construction process as smooth as possible.
The first thing to look for in a good plan is whether or not it provides views of all the angles and details of your shed. It is important to know how everything will look while you are building; some steps may only make sense with visual aids to help. Dimensional drawings are also a great visual aid that could include a perfect plan.
Which brings up the next important point. All the steps in your shed plan should be as clear and concise as possible. This project does not need beyond the skills of an amateur builder, but it can become too difficult if the instructions are not easy to follow.
Your bill of materials should also be clear and precise, with everything you need included, as well as specific measurements for each individual piece. It is important to be able to gather all the materials at once to optimize your construction process, and obviously this is impossible without a complete and accurate list up front. Each item should also indicate what it will be used for in your project. This little clarification can make all the difference when it comes to assembling parts.
Step 4 - Gather your supplies
Now is the time to gather all the supplies you need based on the plan you have chosen. Make sure you have everything you need before you start so you don't have to put your plans on hold.
Your specific plan should have a comprehensive list, as we mentioned above, but there are basic tools that you should also make sure you have, such as goggles and work gloves.
Step 5: follow your shed plan step by step
Now you can build your custom storage shed from scratch. Starting with the foundation, follow the instructions in your shed plan to the letter. If you've chosen the right one, assembling your frame, walls, ceiling and door should be a piece of cake. Take extra care with your roof to make sure there are no leaks or holes that could cause you to lose all your work due to the weather or the weather.
Step 6 - Finishing touches
Paint the shed or use a sealer to finish it.
How to build a shed
Building a shed is not as difficult as it often seems to be. With little hard work and help, you can complete the job in as little as one day. But before you start there, there are a few things you need to know and do.
Step 1 - Check the codes
The most important thing to establish before hammering the first nail into your new shed are the municipal requirements for adding buildings and sheds. Some areas affected a permit for something larger than a doghouse and the last thing you want to do after building your new shed is tear it down. Once you've finished the bureaucracy requirements, you can get started.
Step 2 - Plan
Have a plan, either from a book or one that you presented on your own. Sticking to a plan allows you to accurately measure and estimate the amount of supplies you need, your next step, and how you plan to complete the project.
Step 3: level the site
By the time you're ready to build, you should have your site selected and your materials ready to go. The first step here is critical in a quality finished product; bulldozing If the floor frame and ground are not level, everything else will be off-level and level and may cause a collapse.
Step 4: Add floors
The floor should be made of pressure-treated material to protect it from moisture and is best set off the ground, either on a concrete base or a base. This allows for an already level floor or at least a solid place to rise from to level your shed accurately. Having it unstuck will also keep moisture out of your shed and extend its life.
Step 5 - Add the framing and squaring
Even though most code allows 2 feet on center, which means that when you pull your tape measure from the end of your layout, the center of the stud or beam is exactly 2 feet, 16 inches on center adds Extra support and strength and helps with any leaning of the plywood from the weight on the roof.
The floor design is simple because with only bolts there are no holes for windows or doors, so there are no extra pieces or pieces, just joists. Once the design is done, it is important that your floor is square. There are two quick methods for squaring the corners and they require a perfect shed. First, you can pull the tape from diagonal to diagonal. These two long measurements, in the end, be the same. If they are not, take your mallet and tap the long measurement towards the short to create four equal angles. You can also use the 3-4-5 triangle. This measurement is a bit simpler if you are alone. First, measure from one corner out 3 feet and then from the same corner measure 4 feet and make a mark. The distance from your 3-foot mark to your 4-foot mark should equal 5 feet. If that is not the case
The walls are built in the same way, keeping your design in the center and everything squared. As you prepare for windows and doors, be sure to lay at least 2x6 headers with a piece of plywood sandwiched between them; to pack them at 3.5 inches. This supports the ceiling where the largest spaces will be affected by the design.
Step 6 - Cut the rafters
When you get to the roof frame, cut out a template and then cut the rest of the rafters (either shed, framed, or another variety). This eliminates the guesswork and measurements of the beams. When you cut a bird's mouth, the V-notch that allows the beam to rest in the cut, you try to cut with a circular saw and then finish with a hand saw. Often times the mouths of birds are cut too short for speed, but that can take the force off the beam.
Step 7 - Add liner
If there is a situation where there is a second row on the ceiling or wall, stagger your plywood to eliminate long costs and add strength. Also, when attaching the siding to the ceiling, check if the "H" clips are recommended. These clips space the plywood.
Step 8 - Add siding and roof
If you start your front row straight, life is easy; make sure you have a level line to start with and check frequently as you go. And always follow the manufacturer's recommendations to request proper installation and maintain your warranty.
Step 9 - Seminar
Install specific hangers. Make sure exposed wood is painted or wrapped in aluminum. If you are an expert, run the electrical wiring or consult a professional. Finish your interior to savor and enjoy.
How to Build a Wood Storage Shed Out of Used Wood
A wooden storage shed can provide a great place to store your extra items when you don't have space in the house. Building one from used or reclaimed wood is environmentally friendly and can save you a lot of money. Follow the simple steps below to effectively build your own wooden shed from used materials.
Step 1 - Collect the wood
To get started, collect the right wood for the job. Check big box stores for used materials or request construction or demolition sites for reclaimed wood. Some may even give you parts for free or at a discounted cost.
Step 2 - Prepare the Foundation
You need to work on a solid foundation. Start by smoothing the ground with a shovel. If you have access to a tractor or other heavy equipment, use it to speed up the process. Once you have a level surface to work with, you can use concrete blocks to create a base. You can also pour concrete, but concrete blocks are generally faster and easier to use.
Step 3 - Build the floor
On top of the foundation you need to build a floor for the structure. You can do this by using 2x4-inch boards and then laying plywood on top of them. Nail the plywood so you have a solid floor structure.
Step 4 - Frame the shed
Next, you need to build a frame. Use the boards to build a cube frame for the shed. Once you've made the outside corners, go along the walls and nail 2x4-inch planks in place.
Step 5 - Enclose the shed
Use the plywood to enclose the shed. You will need to nail sheets of plywood to the exterior walls and the top of the shed to create a basic shed structure with a flat roof. You can also create an angled ceiling if you want to build wooden beams. You must also install the door at the front of the frame.
Step 6 - Finish the roof
Start by applying roofing felt to the roof, nailing it to the plywood. This will create an extra layer to protect the shed from the weather. On top of that, install roofing material like shingles or rolled asphalt. For a flat shed roof, one of the best options is a rubber roof. It will not leak as easily as other materials.
Step 7 - Finishing
After you have built the structure of the shed, you should finish the exterior with a special waterproof paint for exteriors. You may need to sand the wood to make it smooth enough to paint. Finally, apply the paint with a brush or roller.
Garden Shed Construction Basics
Building a garden shed in your backyard is a great way to store your gardening equipment and stay out of the elements when transplanting plants. This can be a simple DIY project.
The first step in building garden sheds is deciding what size you need or want. You can be as simple or as elaborate as you like. There are many free layout plans available online, some even large enough to include an indoor playground.
Once you have decided on a plan, you will need to decide on a base type. Depending on the size of the shed, one of the following should work: concrete blocks, concrete piers, or concrete blocks. Gravel is recommended for drainage.
Walls and windows
Again, depending on the size of the shed you are building, the wall size and post count will vary. A very small shed may not require windows, but with a larger shed you will probably want to include them.
The door is probably the simplest consideration and the shed can even be built with just a basic hinge opening plywood if desired.
The roof will also depend on the building, but you need to consider proper drainage.
Before starting any construction project, remember to apply for the appropriate permits.